Health & Safety Culture – Barriers and Solutions

In my experience, people’s attitudes towards health and safety can vary significantly, and I’m aware that not everyone hates it, however, I frequently encounter individuals or groups who harbour negative sentiments towards the topic for various reasons. It’s important for me as a Health and Safety Consultant to know these opinions so I can provide guidance, information, and solutions whilst out on site.

Below, I have summarised some of the regular feedback I hear from engaging with employees whilst visiting clients.

Perceived inconvenience

Some people view health and safety measures as taxing, administrative, and time-consuming. Employees and managers regularly complain that paperwork and routine safety checks hinder productivity or add unnecessary steps to their tasks, which can lead to frustration.

Perception of disproportionate costs

Managers and senior employees regularly oppose health and safety measures due to the perceived financial burden. Compliance with regulations can require investments in safety equipment, training, and infrastructure upgrades, which some view as an unnecessary expense.

Misunderstanding or misapplication

In some cases, individuals may misunderstand the purpose or effectiveness of specific health and safety measures. If they believe a particular rule is unnecessary or ineffective, they might develop a negative attitude towards the entire health and safety framework.


Some people oppose health and safety measures on ideological grounds, believing that these regulations infringe on personal freedoms and individual responsibility. They may view it as an example of government overreach.


In workplaces where no recent accidents or incidents have occurred, some individuals might become complacent and perceive health and safety measures as unnecessary, even though accidents can still happen at any time.

Solutions to improve health & safety culture.

Improving safety culture in the workplace is an ongoing process that requires commitment from all levels of the company. Here are some steps you can take to foster a positive safety culture:

Leadership commitment:

Safety starts at the top. Leaders must demonstrate a genuine commitment to safety by prioritising it in their decision-making and actions. They should allocate resources, set clear safety objectives, and actively participate in safety programs. Leaders and supervisors should also set an example by following safety procedures themselves. When employees see management prioritising safety, they are more likely to do the same.

Employee involvement:

Involve employees in safety initiatives by encouraging their participation in safety committees, reporting hazards, and providing feedback on safety practices. Employees who feel valued and engaged in safety efforts are more likely to take ownership of their safety and the safety of their colleagues.

Safety training and education:

Provide routine safety training to all employees, focusing on hazard identification, safe work practices, and emergency procedures. Ensure that new employees receive comprehensive safety onboarding.

Safety policies and procedures:

Develop clear safety policies and procedures that are easily accessible to all employees. Regularly review and update these documents to reflect best practices and regulatory requirements.

Safety communication:

Promote open and transparent communication about safety matters. Encourage employees to report safety concerns and incidents without fear of reprisal. Regularly communicate safety messages through meetings, posters, emails, and other channels.

Positive reinforcement:

Recognise and reward employees for their safety efforts and achievements. Positive reinforcement emphasises safe behaviour and motivates others to follow suit.

Investigate incidents:

When accidents or near-miss incidents occur, conduct thorough investigations to identify root causes and implement corrective actions. Learn from these incidents to prevent similar occurrences in the future.

Safety audits and inspections:

Conduct regular safety audits and inspections to assess compliance with safety policies and identify potential hazards. Address any issues promptly and track progress over time.

Safety equipment and tools:

Provide employees with the necessary safety equipment, tools, and resources to perform their tasks safely. Regularly inspect and maintain this equipment to ensure its effectiveness.

Continuous improvement:

Safety culture is not static; it requires continuous improvement. Regularly review and assess your safety initiatives, seek feedback from employees, and implement changes based on lessons learned.

Remember that building a strong safety culture takes time and consistent effort. It’s essential to involve all employees in the process and create an environment where safety is a shared responsibility. When safety becomes a core value of the organisation, it will lead to a safer and more productive workplace.

Why improve health & safety culture?

Contrary to the perception that safety impedes efficiency, well-implemented health and safety practices create a safer and healthier work environment, and ultimately enhance productivity. Here are some ways health and safety initiatives contribute to improved productivity:

Reduced accidents and injuries:

Implementing safety procedures, improving culture, and providing proper training can prevent accidents and injuries. When employees feel safe at work, they are less likely to experience injuries or illnesses, resulting in fewer workdays lost due to absence and reduced disruptions in workflow. Accidents and injuries can also lead to work stoppages and disruptions. By preventing these incidents, health and safety practices help maintain consistent workflow and reduce downtime.

Improved morale and motivation:

A safe and healthy work environment fosters a positive atmosphere and demonstrates that the employer values the well-being of their employees. This, in turn, boosts employee morale, motivation, and job satisfaction, leading to increased engagement and productivity.

Enhanced focus on tasks:

When employees are confident in their safety and well-being, they can focus better on their work as they are less preoccupied with potential hazards or risks, leading to improved concentration and attention to detail. Further, employees who feel safe and supported are more likely to take pride in their work and produce higher-quality output.

Lower employee turnover:

A workplace that prioritises health and safety is likely to have lower turnover rates. Employees are more inclined to stay with a company that cares about their welfare, reducing the costs and time associated with hiring and training new personnel.

Increased efficiency:

Safety measures often involve streamlining processes and reducing unnecessary risks. This optimisation can lead to increased efficiency and productivity in daily operations.


Overall, health and safety initiatives create a virtuous cycle that fosters a healthier, more engaged, and productive workforce. By proactively addressing potential risks and ensuring the well-being of employees, businesses can achieve higher levels of productivity and success in the long run.

HSE themselves note that “Concentrating too much on the formal documentation of a health and safety management system will distract you from addressing the human elements of its implementation. The focus becomes the process of the system itself rather than actually controlling risks”.

It’s essential to recognise that health and safety regulations are designed to protect people from harm and maintain a safe working environment. While some criticisms may be valid, efforts are continually made to strike a balance between safety requirements and practicality. The goal is to ensure the well-being of individuals while minimising unnecessary burdens on businesses and individuals.